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美国的电子工程师是怎么面试的?(中英对照)

时间:2018-06-29 来源:互联网 作者: 标签:美国   电子工程师   面试   

面试是招聘过程中最重要的部分。在面试中,通常会提出一些问题来缩小应聘者范围。为了帮助您淘汰那些不合格或不符合公司发展的候选人,您需要一系列的面试问题来考察应聘者的职业道德、技能、知识和个性。

本文引用地址: http://www.21ic.com/chongdian/zhenxin/2018-06-29/796966.html

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就算没有上百个,您也有几十个问题可以向EE应聘者提问,而本文要介绍的,就是EDN电子技术设计美国版编辑Evan的九个秘密武器(小编在翻译时特地保留了英文方便大家对照):

1、Describe the most challenging engineering project you have been involved in during the past year. What made this project challenging for you?

描述过去一年中您参与的最具挑战性的工程项目。您觉得项目的挑战点是什么?

This question not only helps you get a better understanding of what the candidate believes is a challenging project, but it also shows you what they have learned from past challenges in the field. In most cases, you will want to have more questions in your back pocket to get even more information out of this question. Consider follow-up questions about how the candidate overcame the challenges they faced and what they learned from it.

这个问题不仅可以帮助您更好地理解应聘者认为的具有挑战性的项目是什么,还可以向您展示他们从该领域过去的挑战中学到了什么。在大多数情况下,您会希望能引申出更多的问题来获得更多的信息。考虑的引申问题可包括:候选人如何克服他们面临的挑战以及他们从中学到了什么。

2、Tell me about an experience you had with a difficult client. How did you handle the situation? Looking back, what would you have done differently? (you could substitute boss if the candidate hadn’t dealt directly with customers)

告诉我一个您和难相处的客户的经历。 您是如何处理这种情况的?回顾一下,您会做什么改变? (如果应聘者没有直接与客户打交道,对象可以替换成老板)

It is important to see how potential employees deal with pressure from difficult clients. You need someone who won’t damage critical relationships with your clients when things get tough. A good candidate will demonstrate the ability to listen to a client’s problem and fix the problem in a way that is suitable for all parties.

重要的是要看到应聘者如何应对来自困难客户的压力。当事情变得棘手时,您需要一个不会破坏您与客户关系的人。一个好的应聘者会展现出倾听客户问题的能力,并用适合各方的方式解决这个问题

By asking what the candidate would have done differently, you can see how the individual has grown since the event.

通过询问应聘者会有什么不同的做法,您可以看到这个人自那次事件后的成长情况。

3、How do you stay current with the latest technology?

您如何与最新的技术保持同步?

Engineering is a fast-paced field. In an ever-changing environment, it is important to keep up with technology. You could even ask specific questions about a new technology that is gaining traction in the field to see if the candidates know much about what is current.

工程学是一个快节奏的领域。在这个日新月异的环境下,与技术齐肩并进是很重要的。您甚至可以问一个关注度比较高的新技术的具体问题,看看应聘者是否了解当前的趋势。

4、Tell me about a time you had to lead. How would you describe your leadership style?

告诉我关于您做领导的一段时间,您如何描述您的领导风格?

Most non-junior people have had some sort of leadership role(s). This could have been a large project involving many people, or a simpler task with only one other. Regardless, you want someone who knows how to step up when they are needed. You’ll learn how the candidates define leadership, and how they will function in that role at your company. You want to look for someone with leadership qualities that fit in with your company’s culture.

大多数非初级人员多少都做过领导角色,可能是一个涉及许多人的大型项目,或者只是一个简单的任务。无论如何,您需要一个知道如何在需要的时候站出来的人。您将了解应聘者如何界定领导力,以及他们将如何在贵公司担任这一角色。您想找一个与公司文化相适应的具有领导才能的人。

5、What do you enjoy the most and least about engineering?

关于工程师,您最喜欢和最不喜欢部分分别是什么?

When it comes to hiring a new engineer, you want to ensure that you are picking someone who has a good attitude about the job they will be asked to do every day. You are looking for someone who is interested in the things that your particular position has to offer. If their least favorite activity is a big part of the position, you will immediately know they aren’t the right fit.

在聘请一位新工程师时,您要确保您挑选了一个对他们每天要做的工作持良好态度的人。您要找的是对您的制定职位感兴趣的人。如果他们最不喜欢的活动是这个职位的重要组成部分,您马上就会知道他们不是合适的人选。

6、Where do you see yourself five (or ten) years from now?

您认为自己五(或十年)以后会怎么样?

This is a common interview question regardless of the type of position. You should ask this question to get a better feel for the goals of the candidates. No employer wants to hire someone who doesn’t expect to stick around for a while, and engineering positions are no different.

这是一个常见的面试问题,不管职位的类型如何。您应该问这个问题,以便更好地了解应聘者的目标。没有雇主愿意雇佣一个预计不会坚持工作一段时间的人,工程师的职位也不例外。

7、Can you describe the most challenging written technical report or presentation you’ve had to complete?

您能描述您完成的最具挑战性的书面技术报告或演讲吗?

You want to know about a candidate’s verbal and written skills as well as their engineering skills. As the candidate explains the report or presentation, you’ll gain insight into what they find challenging, and what kinds of information gathering and presentation projects the candidate has been responsible for in the past, while also learning about their communications skills.

您想知道应聘者的口头和书面表达能力以及他们的工程技能。当应聘者解释报告或演讲时,您将了解他们发现的挑战,以及过去应聘者负责什么样的信息收集和陈述项目,同时也了解他们的沟通技巧。

8、What checks and balances do you put in place to ensure that you don’t make mistakes?

您有什么制衡措施来确保您不犯错误?

It is important that candidates know how to check their own work to prevent mistakes. This is a question that will often make candidates think about the way they do things, even though they might not have considered it much before. Even if they aren’t aware of it, most candidates already have some sort of system in place to prevent errors in their work, and this question just makes them think about it.

应聘者应该知道如何检查自己的工作以防止错误,这点很重要。这通常是一个让候选人思考他们做事的方式的问题,尽管他们以前可能没有考虑过。即使他们没有意识到这一点,大多数的候选人已经有了某种方法来防止他们工作出现错误,而这个问题只是让他们思考。

Candidates may ask a colleague to check over their ideas and work, and/or use helpers like spreadsheets, timelines, checklists, etc. No matter what the system is, it is important that each candidate has one and can describe it thoroughly.

应聘者可以请同事检查一下工作、探讨一下想法,或者使用诸如电子表格、时间表、核对表等辅助工具。不管这个系统是什么,重要的是每个候选人要有一个,并且可以完整地描述它。

9、Have you ever been asked to work on a decreased budget or help reduce costs?

您是否曾被要求减少预算或降低成本?

Companies all want to save money. Candidates experienced in finding ways to reduce costs could be instrumental in decreasing costs within your company, as there are bound to be times when saving money is an important aspect of the job.

公司都想省钱。在降低成本方面经验丰富的应聘者有助于降低贵公司的成本,因为一定会有节省开支的时候。

Interviewing can be a tough job. You will often talk with numerous qualified engineers, and will need to sort through them to find the best fit for the position. While you are interviewing candidates, keep your company’s atmosphere in mind. You want to pick someone who is more than just qualified; you want someone who can also fit in with the other employees.

面试可能是一项艰难的工作。您会经常与众多合格的工程师交谈,并需要对其进行分类以找到适合这个职位的最佳人选。当您在面试应聘者时,要记住公司的氛围。您想挑选一个不仅仅是适合职位的人,更是能与其他员工和谐相处的人。

As you conduct more interviews, you will surely add your own questions to this list, and find new ways to get differentiating information out of potential engineering employees during the interview process, such as with follow-up and field-specific questions. Try to enjoy your time on the employer side of the table. It can be taxing, but is ultimately rewarding.

当您进行更多的面试时,您肯定会将自己的问题添加到这个列表中,并在面试过程中找到新的方法来区分潜在的工程技术人员,例如后续问题和特定领域的问题。试着享受您作为面试官的时间,可能很费精力,但最终是有益的。

(原文发表于Aspencore旗下EDN美国版,参考链接:9 best questions to ask an EE job candidate,翻译来自互联网)

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