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[导读]Embest 公司的Samsung S3C6410X 16/32位单板计算机基于S3C6410 ARM11处理器,工作频率高达667MHz,它集成了128MB Mobile DDR SDRAM, 256MB NAND闪存和2MB NOR闪存,以及各种外设如USB接口,以太网接口,四个串口,TV OUT和

Embest 公司的Samsung S3C6410X 16/32位单板计算机基于S3C6410 ARM11处理器,工作频率高达667MHz,它集成了128MB Mobile DDR SDRAM, 256MB NAND闪存和2MB NOR闪存,以及各种外设如USB接口,以太网接口,四个串口,TV OUT和照相机接口.该板还支持Windows Embedded CE 6.0, Linux2.6, Android和Ubuntu操作系统,广泛用在汽车电子,工业控制和医疗电子等领域.本文介绍了S3C6410X RISC微处理器和ARM1176JZF-S主要特性,方框图,S3C6410 ARM11 评估板主要特性,方框图和电路图.

The S3C6410X is a 16/32-bit RISC microprocessor, which is designed to provide a cost-effective, low-power capabilities, high performance Application Processor solution for mobile phones and general applications. To provide optimized H/W performance for the 2.5G & 3G communication services, the S3C6410X adopts 64/32-bit internal bus architecture. The 64/32-bit internal bus architecture is composed of AXI, AHB and APB buses. It also includes many powerful hardware accelerators for tasks such as motion video processing, audio processing, 2D graphics, display manipulation and scaling. An integrated Multi Format Codec (MFC) supports encoding and decoding of MPEG4/H.263/H.264 and decoding of VC1. This H/W Encoder/Decoder supports real-time video conferencing and TV out for both NTSC and PAL mode. Graphic 3D (hereinafter 3D Engine) is a 3D Graphics Hardware Accelerator which can accelerate OpenGL ES 1.1 & 2.0 rendering. This 3D Engine includes two programmable shaders: one vertex shader and one pixel shader.

The S3C6410X has an optimized interface to external memory. This optimized interface to external memory is capable of sustaining the high memory bandwidths required in high-end communication services. The memory system has dual external memory ports, DRAM and Flash/ROM. The DRAM port can be configured to support mobile DDR, DDR, mobile SDRAM and SDRAM. The Flash/ROM port supports NOR-Flash, NAND-Flash, OneNAND, CF and ROM type external memory.

To reduce total system cost and enhance overall functionality, the S3C6410X includes many hardware peripherals such as a Camera Interface, TFT 24-bit true color LCD controller, System Manager (power management & etc.), 4-channel UART, 32-channel DMA, 5-channel 32bit Timers with 2PWM output, General Purpose I/O Ports, I2S-Bus interface, I2C-BUS interface, USB Host, USB OTG Device operating at high speed

(480Mbps), 3-channel SD/MMC Host Controller and PLLs for clock generation. The ARM subsystem is based on the ARM1176JZF-S core. It includes separate 16KB Instruction and 16KB data caches, 16KB Instruction and 16KB Data TCM. It also includes a full MMU to handle virtual memory management.

The ARM1176JZF-S is a single chip MCU, which includes support for JAVA acceleration. The ARM1176JZF-Sincludes a dedicated vector floating point coprocessor allowing efficient implementation of various encryption schemes as well as high quality 3D graphics applications. The S3C6410X adopts the de-facto standard AMBA bus architecture. These powerful, industry standard features allow the S3C6410X to support many of the industry standard Operating Systems.

By providing a complete set of common system peripherals, the S3C6410X minimizes overall system costs and eliminates the need to configure additional components. The S3C6410X is implemented using an advanced 65nm CMOS process. The low-power, simple, elegant and fully static-design scheme is particularly suitable for costsensitive and power-sensitive applications.

图1.S3C6410X 方框图

S3C6410X RISC微处理器主要特性:

? The ARM1176JZF-S based CPU subsystem with Java acceleration engine and 16KB/16KB I/D Cache and 16KB/16KB I/D TCM.

? 533MHz at 1.1V and 667MHz at 1.2 V respectively.

? 8-bit ITU 601/656 Camera interface up to 4M pixel for scaled and 16M pixel for unscaled resolution.

? Multi Format Codec provides encoding and decoding of MPEG-4/H.263/H.264 up to 30fps@SD and decoding of VC1 video up to 30fps@SD.

? 2D graphics acceleration with BitBlit and rotation.

? 3D graphics acceleration with 4M triangles/s @133Mhz (Transform only)

? AC-97 audio codec interface and PCM serial audio interface.

? 1/2/4bpp Palletized or 16bpp/24bpp Non-Palletized Color-TFT

? I2S and I2C interface support.

? Dedicated IrDA port for FIR, MIR and SIR.

? Flexibly configurable GPIOs.

? Port USB 2.0 OTG supporting high speed as Device (480Mbps, on-chip transceiver).

? Port USB 1.1 Host supporting full speed (12Mbps, on-chip transceiver).

? SD/MMC/SDIO/CE-ATA Host Controller

? Real time clock, PLL, timer with PWM and watch dog timer.

? 32 channel DMA controller.

? Support 8x8 key matrix.

? Advanced power management for mobile applications.

? Memory Subsystem

? SRAM/ROM/NOR Flash Interface with x8 or x16 data bus.

? Muxed OneNAND Interface with x16 data bus.

? NAND Flash Interface with x8 data bus.

? SDRAM Interface with x32(Port1) data bus.

? Mobile SDRAM Interface with x32(Port1) data bus

? DDR Interface with x32(Port1 ) data bus

? Mobile DDR Interface with x32(Port1 ) data bus

The ARM1176JZF-S processor incorporates an integer unit that implements the ARM11 ARM architecture v6. It supports the ARM, Thumb? instruction sets and Jazelle technology to enable direct execution of Java bytecodes, and a range of SIMD DSP instructions that operate on 16-bit or 8-bit data values in 32-bit registers.

ARM1176JZF-S 处理器特性:

? High-speed Advanced Microprocessor Bus Architecture (AMBA) Advanced Extensible Interface (AXI) level two interfaces supporting prioritized multiprocessor implementations.

? Integer unit with integral EmbeddedICE-RT logic.

? Eight-stage pipeline.

? Branch prediction with return stack.

? Low interrupt latency configuration.

? coprocessors CP14 and CP15.

? Instruction and Data Memory Management Units (MMUs), managed using MicroTLB structures backed by a unified Main TLB.

? Instruction and data caches, including a non-blocking data cache with Hit-Under-Miss (HUM).

? Virtually indexed and physically addressed caches.

? 64-bit interface to both caches.

? Vector Floating-Point (VFP) coprocessor support.

Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板

The Samsung S3C6410 Board based on the powerful Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 processor is a compact full-featured single board computer, it runs at up to 667MHz, integrates 128MB Mobile DDR SDRAM, 256MB NAND Flash and 2MB NOR Flash, as well as a wide range of peripherals like USB interface, Ethernet interface, four serial ports, TV OUT, camera interface. These comprehensive features make this device particular suitable for automotive, industrial control applications and medical systems. In addition, this board supports Windows Embedded CE 6.0, Linux2.6, Android and Ubuntu operating systems.

TFT LCD / Touch Screen interface, supporting 3.5", 4.3", 7" TFT LCD Panel

Temperature range of minus 20 degrees Celsius to 70 degrees Celsius, without fans or heat sinks

Windows Embedded CE 6.0 and Linux2.6, Android and Ubuntu supported.

The S3C6410 Board is a compact full-featured Embedded Single Board Computer (SBC) based upon Samsung ARM11 S3C6410, designed specifically for Mobile Internet Device, Notebook, handheld/3G mobile implementations. Its functional contents are similar to the latest generation of Pocket PC’s and smart phones. This computer allows easy embedded application development through PC-Compatible tools and methods, while ensuring in-field reliability and ruggedness for end-user systems. S3C6410 runs without fans or heat sinks in the temperature range of -20°C to +70°C. Other chip-level features include 4 UARTs, SPI, I2C, a real-time clock with a separate power domain, and NAND Flash and DDR memory controllers. These features make the devices particularly suitable for automotive and industrial control applications as well as medical systems. In addition, the board supports Windows Embedded CE 6.0, Linux2.6, Android and Ubuntu OS.

S3C6410评估板亮点:

. Rugged Single Board Computer(120mmx58mm) achieved through modern SMD technology

. Improved interference safety achieved through multi-layer PCB technology and dedicated ground pins

. Controller signals and ports extend to connectors aligning two sides of the board

. Four Ready-to-Run software package: WinCE6.0, Linux2.6.24, Android and Ubuntu

. Working temperature: -20℃ to 70℃

. Processor: Samsung S3C6410, ARM1176JZF-S, up to 667MHz.

. Power supply: +12V

. 128MB Mobile DDR SDRAM, 133MHz, 32bit, Samsung K4X51163PC

. 256MB NAND Flash, 8bit, Samsung K2F2G08

. 2M Bytes NOR Flash, AMD AM29LV160DB

. SDIO WIFI Module, supporting IEEE802.11b/g

. LCD/Touch Screen interface. Supporting 3.5 inch TFT LCD, 4.3 inch TFT LCD and 7 inch TFT LCD.

. Many modules are available for your choice- GPS, WIFI, Camera, USB HUB+4x4 Matrix Keyboard.

. 24 GPIO, ADC, SPI,IIC and MMC connectors

. One audio input interface (3.5mm audio jack)

. One 2-channel audio output interface (3.5mm audio jack)

. One 100M Ethernet interface (RJ45)

. One USB2.0 Device port (Mini USB type interface)

. Four serial ports (Two are five-wire RS-232 DB9 interface, another two are three-wire TTL serial port led out from a 20-pin expansion connector )

. SD/MMC interface (supports 3.3V and 1.8V logic voltage)

. Camera interface (10x2 pins header, supporting the mode of ITU-R 601/656 8bit)

. One 5x2 pins JTAG interface

. Seven buttons (Reset, Boot, User defined, On/Off)

. TVOUT

图2. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板外形图

图3. S3C6410 ARM11 评估板方框图

图4. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(1)

图5. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(2)

图6. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(3)

图7. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(4)

图8. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(5)

图9. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(6)

图10. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(7)

图11. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(8)

图12. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(9)

图13. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(10)

图14. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(11)

图15. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板电路图(12)

图16. Samsung S3C6410 ARM11 评估板LCD电路图

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